Tibet og Kina: Optøjerne i 1959 og Tibet set gennem en kinesers øjne

Historie / Kultur / Medier / Nationalisme / Politik

140px-Dalai_Lama_boy.jpg Hvad er det egentlig krisen i Tibet handler om? Her er artikler om Tibet, der er gode, velskrevne og læsværdige. De er værd at bruge ti minutter af din dag på.

Far Eastern Economic Review har fundet tre artikler frem fra arkiverne, hvor de rapporterer fra urolighederne for 49 år siden. Det var de uroligheder, der drev Dalai Lama og hans regering i eksil i Indien i 1959.

Foreign Policy har interviewet Robert Barnett, der er ekspert i Tibet og professor på Columbia University. Han er forfatter til bogen “Lhasa: Streets with Memories”. Interviewet hedder “Seven Questions: What Tibetans Want”.

Det første spørgsmål lyder:

Foreign Policy: What does the average Tibetan want? Is it independence, or a greater share of Tibet’s modernization and economic growth, which has been dominated by Han Chinese?

Robert Barnett: Not really either of those things. We have to be very careful not to confuse exile politics, which is a demand for anti-China this and anti-China that, with internal politics, which is much more pragmatic, complex, and sophisticated.

A very important sector of Tibetans have become very wealthy because China has poured money into creating a middle class in Tibetan towns, though there hasn’t really been a dividend for the countryside and the underclass. So, we can’t explain this as just economic modernization. We could explain the violence against the [Han] Chinese in that way. It could have to do with that. But the violence is present in just one demonstration out of 50 in the past two weeks.

These protests are really about two things: A huge sector of the rural population has said, “Tibet was independent in the past. We reassert that belief. That doesn’t mean we demand that it be independent again, but we are reinserting that into the discussion.” And, “The Dalai Lama represents our interests.” I suppose a possible third thing is, “We are certainly not happy with Chinese President Hu Jintao.” This is a huge political statement that nobody anticipated.

Robert Barnett har også skrevet en god artikel om krisen på OpenDemocracy.

En anden læsværdig artikel er fra det amerikanske magasin The Atlantic. Den er fra 1999 og hedder “Tibet Through Chinese Eyes”:

Political views on Tibet tend to be as unambiguous as the hard blue dome of sky that stretches above its mountains. In Western opinion, the “Tibet question” is settled: Tibet should not be part of China; before being forcibly annexed, in 1951, it was an independent country. The Chinese are cruel occupiers who are seeking to destroy the traditional culture of Tibet. The Dalai Lama, the traditional spiritual leader of Tibet, who fled to India in 1959, should be allowed to return and resume his rule over either an independent or at least a culturally autonomous Tibet. In short, in Western eyes there is only one answer to the Tibet question: Free Tibet.

For Han — ethnic Chinese — who live in Tibet, the one answer is exactly the same and yet completely different. They serve what the Chinese call “Liberated Tibet.” Mei Zhiyuan is Han, and in 1997 he was sent by the Chinese government to act as a “Volunteer Aiding Tibet” at a Tibetan middle school, where he works as a teacher. His roommate, Tashi, is a Tibetan who as a college student was sent in the opposite direction, to Sichuan province, where he received his teacher training. Both men are twenty-four years old. They are good friends who live near Heroes Road, which is named after the Chinese and Tibetans who contributed to the “peaceful liberation” of Tibet in the 1950s. This is how Mei Zhiyuan sees Tibet — as a harmonious region that benefits from Chinese support. When I asked him why he had volunteered to work there, he said, “Because all of us know that Tibet is a less developed place that needs skilled people.”

:: Billedet er fra Wikipedia og forestiller den nuværende Dalai Lama som dreng


Hurtige klik fra Kina af Kim Rathcke Jensen. Jeg er journalist og BA i kinesisk. Jeg bor i Beijing, hvor jeg arbejder som Politikens korrespondent i Kina og Asien.

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