Journalistik og andre forbrydelser: Guide til at dække OL i Kina

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Journalistik / Medier / OL 2008 Beijing / Politik

180px-Moleskine_ruled_notebook,_inside_view.jpg Nu er det tid til at bukke sig forover og stikke hovedet i navlen. Foreign Correspondents Club of China (FCCC) har lige udgivet en Reporters Guide to China.

Der er gode citater fra andre korrespondenter, og guiden giver et godt billede af, hvordan det er dække Kina lige nu.

For eksempel når det kommer til pressekonferencer i forbindelse med OL:

“There are an adequate number of press conferences, but no valuable information is given, ever.” — Francesco Liello, La Gazzetta dello Sport, Italy

Eller når det kommer til at samle selv de mindste fakta ind:

“Even for casual inquiries, such as how many seats [there are] in a stadium, you have to go through a huge rigmarole. Very straightforward information — like how much are they spending on the Olympics — is almost impossible to find out.” — A European news agency reporter

Om tilfredsheden med kvaliteten og troværdigheden af informationer fra BOCOG:

“Absolutely none. Data varies according to department. [Some officials] mix apples and pears. BOCOG often just picks up Xinhua News Agency reports, which are unreliable. They throw around estimates. Nailing down a figure doesn’t seem to be remotely important.” — A European news agency reporter

“Veracity is very low. I just don’t believe what they say. I don’t believe the statistics…BOCOG’s spokesmen just don’t have much credibility. I can’t verify anything.” – A sports reporter who’s been in Beijing for more than a year.

Man kan heller ikke bare tage blokken i hånden og gå ud og tale med folk. Især ikke hvis det er mere følsomme emner, som man dækker. Tre eksempler:

A campaigner from Sichuan was paralyzed from the waist down in 2006 when thugs he says were linked to local officials beat him up after he spoke to German journalists.

In 2007 farmer Yu Changwu from Heilongjiang Province in northeastern China was sentenced to two years of re-education through labor for speaking to foreign journalists about his campaign to recover and privatize farmland seized by the government. The charge was the government’s catchall “endangering state security.”

Uighurs and Tibetans in particular have been detained — and in the case of one group sentenced to death -after expressing separatist sentiments.

Det er ikke kun kilderne, man skal sørge for at beskytte, men også ens kinesiske assistenter:

Authorities in China may try to intimidate assistants by threatening to speak to their families about what they are doing, accusing them of being unpatriotic or insinuating that they may lose their job. They may insist on regular meetings with your assistants to get information on your reporting plans. This does not necessarily mean your assistants are betraying you — they probably have no choice about attending. But you should take this into consideration when discussing sensitive coverage plans.

Endelig slutter guiden af med en historie om at dække Kina. Den hedder “Trying to commit journalism in China” og er skrevet af Jonathan Watts, der er den britiske avis The Guardians drønende gode korrespondent i Kina.

Her kan jeg så komme med følgende citater:

Foreign journalists “can travel anywhere in China. There will be no restrictions.”

— Olympics Press Chief, Sun Weijia, Press briefing September 2006

“Foreign journalists will not limit their activities to the Games themselves. They will also cover politics, science, technology and the economy … the ‘related matters’ … actually expands the areas on which foreign journalists can report.”

— Foreign Ministry Spokesman Liu Jianchao, December 2006

:: Foto af den uundværlige Moleskine fra Wikipedia

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Hurtige klik fra Kina af Kim Rathcke Jensen. Jeg er journalist og BA i kinesisk. Jeg bor i Beijing, hvor jeg arbejder som Politikens korrespondent i Kina og Asien.

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