Ytringsfrihed og censur på internettet: Kina er forbillede

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Internettet / Medier

keyboard.thumbnail.jpg Rebecca MacKinnon har netop deltaget i en høring i det amerikanske senat. Her talte hun om censur og ytringsfrihed på internettet. Ikke bare i Kina men i hele verden.

Du kan læse hele hendes oplæg på sin blog. Og det er bestemt god læsning.

Et kort rids og en baggrund af situationen i Kina:

The number of Chinese Internet users quadrupled in the past four years. It is true that the Internet has enabled people to expose corruption, bring justice to innocent victims of official malfeasance, and even change some laws and regulations, in ways that were not possible in the past.

But this has not led to the overall strengthening of rule of law, greater independence of the courts from the Communist Party, or greater protection of civil liberties by the system as a whole. According to the Dui Hua Foundation, in 2008 arrests and indictments on charges of “endangering state security” – the most common charge used in cases of political, religious, or ethnic dissent – more than doubled for the second time in three years, and the trend is expected to continue when figures come out for 2009.[2]

China is pioneering new, flexible but effective methods to control and manipulate online speech and suppress citizen dissent – not controlling everybody and everything one hundred percent, but squashing or isolating certain types of Internet speech effectively enough that they can prevent reform movements from succeeding, or in some cases even from emerging.

Derfor er Kina også blevet et forbillede for andre regeringer rundt om i verden. Som for eksempel den i Iran.

MacKinnon kommer også med en gennemgang af, hvad der ligger i værktøjskassen hos Kina og de regeringer, der censurerer internettet.

Hvoraf mange af teknologierne er leveret af virksomheder som Cisco og McAfee.

Eller af Skype. De kinesiske myndigheder har overvåget politisk følsomme chats gennem Skype. Det er sket, fordi Skype er gået i partnerskab med en kinesisk virksomhed, der er underlagt kinesisk lovgivning. Det har jeg skrevet om her.

Endelig kommer hun også med en række anbefalinger. Der tæller virksomheders corporate social responsibilty; forslag til lovgivning i USA; kontrol med eksport af teknologi, der kan bruges til overvågning og censur; og hvordan man teknologisk kan give støtte til ytringsfriheden.

Hendes konklusion er:

There is no “silver bullet” for global, long-term and sustainable Internet freedom. Offline physical freedom here in the United States – or anywhere else for that matter – was not won easily, and cannot be expanded, preserved or protected without constant struggle and vigilance. Internet freedom is no different. A global struggle for freedom and control of cyberspace is now underway. As with our physical freedom, Internet freedom will not be possible without a supportive ecosystem of industry, governments, and concerned citizens working together. Chairman Durbin, Ranking Member Coburn, and all other members of this Subcommittee, I commend you for taking historic first steps in building the global support system for Internet freedom.

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Hurtige klik fra Kina af Kim Rathcke Jensen. Jeg er journalist og BA i kinesisk. Jeg bor i Beijing, hvor jeg arbejder som Politikens korrespondent i Kina og Asien.

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