Den tidligere amerikanske udenrigsminister, sikkerhedsrÃ¥dgiver og i det hele taget USAs Ã¼ber statsmands diplomat nummer et, Henry Kissinger, har netop udgivet en bog om Kina, der meget velvalgt hedder “On China,” som du kan finde her pÃ¥ Amazon.
Wall Street Journal har et uddrag fra bogen, som dette stykke kommer fra:
Neither the more triumphalist Chinese analyses nor the American versionâ€”that a successful Chinese “rise” is incompatible with America’s position in the Pacific, and the worldâ€”have been endorsed by either government, but they provide a subtext of much current thought. If the assumptions of these views were applied by either sideâ€”and it would take only one side to make it unavoidableâ€”China and the U.S. could easily fall into an escalating tension.
China would try to push American power as far away from its borders as it could, circumscribe the scope of American naval power, and reduce America’s weight in international diplomacy. The U.S. would try to organize China’s many neighbors into a counterweight to Chinese dominance. Both sides would emphasize their ideological differences. The interaction would be even more complicated because the notions of deterrence and preemption are not symmetrical between these two sides. The U.S. is more focused on overwhelming military power, China on decisive psychological impact. Sooner or later, one side or the other would miscalculate.
The question ultimately comes down to what the U.S. and China can realistically ask of each other. An explicit American project to organize Asia on the basis of containing China or creating a bloc of democratic states for an ideological crusade is unlikely to succeedâ€”in part because China is an indispensable trading partner for most of its neighbors. By the same token, a Chinese attempt to exclude America from Asian economic and security affairs will similarly meet serious resistance from almost all other Asian states, which fear the consequences of a region dominated by a single power.
Bogen er blevet anmeldt og omtalt flere steder. Her er et udpluk:
New York Times – An Insider Views China, Past and Future
Newsweek – Dr. Kâ€™s Rx for China
Guardian – Review of On China by Henry Kissinger
:: Foto fra Wikipedia