Det er især kvinder, som sidder i Kinas “sorte fængsler”. Og de bliver udsat for grove fysiske og psykiske overgreb, viser ny rapport China Human Rights Defenders.
Kort efter præsident Xi Jinping kom til magten for to år siden afskaffede Kina det omstridte system med detentioner, der kaldes for “genopdragelse gennem arbejde“.
Men det blev i høj grad blot erstattet af “sorte fængsler”. Dem har jeg tidligere skrevet om her. Det er ulovlige fængsler, der ligger på hemmelige adresser, som bliver drevet af de lokale regeringer, der også forsøger at skjule dem for omverden, medier og centralregering.
Folk kan sidde her på ubestemt tid, og de har ingen juridiske rettigheder. Det kan være både politi eller lokale partiembedsmænd, der får sat folk i de ulovlige fængsler.
De fleste af dem er kvinder, skriver China Human Rights Defenders i sin nye rapport:
Inside these shadowy detention cells, the predominantly female detainees—including elderly women, migrant women, women who lost land or were victimized by forced eviction, women with disabilities, and mothers with young children—are subjected to appalling abuses, from physical and sexual assaults to deprivation of medical treatment.
Typically guarded by males, women are more likely than men to encounter physical, sexual and verbal abuses and threats. Women are also more likely to be detained and abused for the purposes of intimidating or punishing members of their family.
Black jails are tied to roughly one in seven known cases of deprivation of liberty of human rights defenders in China between January 2012 and September 2014, according to data compiled by CHRD. In one medium-sized city alone, lawyers and activists as of early 2013 documented 96 locations being used as black jails. Even as such facilities have been reported on all over the country, Chinese officials adamantly deny their existence. Authorities operating these facilities have enjoyed total impunity, and victims seeking reparations have been obstructed, silenced, and further punished.
“The government adamantly denies the reality of ‘black jails’ because it wants to use them to ‘maintain stability’ without getting the bad publicity,” said Xia. “The very existence of black jails contradicts a favorite mantra of Chinese leaders, that ‘China is a country ruled by law.’”